Expert Forensic Science Articles

The forensic science articles section of the website provides free access to published peer reviewed expert articles. The authors of these publications have very kindly given permission for direct links to their work to be included here in the hope that they will spark interest in the topics, issues and research areas covered.

Having read these fascinating forensic science articles myself I have no doubt that this will very much be the case.

Forensic Science Articles Featured Authors

Terrance G. Lichtenwald

Terrance G. Lichtenwald, Ph.D. received a doctorate and a masters in clinical psychology from an American Psychological Association (APA) approved program at the California School of Professional Psychology-Fresno. He completed an APA-approved internship in Clinical Psychology at the Veterans Administration Medical Center in North Chicago, Illinois. Dr. Lichtenwald also has a masters in school psychology from the University of Wisconsin-Whitewater. His bachelor's degree is from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in broad field social studies and psychology.

Dr. Lichtenwald has spent 25 years completing forensic, behavioral, psychological, and security evaluations, and threat assessments. He completes research in forensics with specific interests in smuggling and fraud. Dr. Lichtenwald's email contact is Written communication can be sent to 6260 E. Riverside Blvd., PMB 141, Loves Park, IL. 61111.

Frank S. Perri

Frank S. Perri, JD, MBA, CPA, has worked as a trial attorney for over 12 years. Areas of concentration include whitecollar crimes and homicide. Perri received his Juris Doctor from the University of Illinois.

He received his master's degree in business administration from Case Western Reserve University and his bachelor's degree in economics from Union College. In addition, Perri is a licensed Certified Public Accountant.

He frequently lectures on both whitecollar and red-collar crime issues.

Paula Mackenzie

Paula MacKenzie, MSEd., PsyD, ACFEI member, earned her Bachelor’s of Science degree from Bradley University majoring in Psychology and Social Services and a Master’s of Science Degree in Education where she specialized in Counseling Psychology at Northern Illinois University.

Dr. MacKenzie recently completed her Doctoral Training in Clinical Psychology with a specialization in Forensic Psychology. Ms. Mackenzie’s specialization includes emergency services, analysis of extremist group behavior, assessment of psychopathology, and psychological testing and assessment.

Peer Review Publications

Drug Smuggling Behavior: A Developmental Smuggling Model (Part 1) By Terrance G. Lichtenwald. Forensic Examiner, Nov/Dec 2003 Vol. 12, 15-22.

Drug Smuggling Behavior: A Developmental Smuggling Model (Part 2) By Terrance G. Lichtenwald. Forensic Examiner, Spring 2004, Vol 13, 14-22.

Fraud Detection Homicide: A Proposed FBI Criminal Classification By Frank Perri And Terrance G. Lichtenwald. Forensic Examiner, Winter 2007 Vol 16, Number 4, 18-30.

Educating Judges Presiding over Fraud Cases By Frank S. Perri. Fraud Magazine, 22(2). 2008.

The Arrogant Chameleons: Exposing Fraud Detection Homicides By Frank Perri And Terrance G. Lichtenwald. Forensic Examiner, Spring 2008, Vol 17 Number 1, 26-33.

A Tale of Two Countries: International Fraud-Detection Homicide By Frank S. Perri And Terrance G. Lichtenwald, Forensic Examiner, Summer 2008, Vol 17 Number 2, 72-78.

The Lull Before The Storm: Adult Children Who Kill Their Parents By Frank S. Perri, Terrance G. Lichtenwald & Paula MacKenzie. Forensic Examiner, Fall 2008, 40-54.

When Worlds Collide: Criminal Investigative Analysis, Forensic Psychology, and the Timothy Masters Case By Frank S. Perri & Terrance G. Lichtenwald. Forensic Examiner, Summer 2009, 52-68.

Smuggling Multi-Consignment Contraband: Isolated Incidents or a New Trend? By Terrance G. Lichtenwald, Frank S. Perri & Paula MacKenzie. Inside Homeland Security, Summer 2009, 17-31.

Evil Twins: The Crime-Terror Nexus By Frank S. Perri, Terrance G. Lichtenwald & Paula M. MacKenzie. Forensic Examiner, Winter 2009, 16-29.

The Last Frontier: Myths & The Female Psychopathic Killer By Frank S. Perri & Terrance G. Lichtenwald. Forensic Examiner, Summer 2010, 50-67.

The Precarious Use of Forensic psychology as Evidence By Frank S. Perri & Terrance G. Lichtenwald. Champion Magazine, July 2010, 34-45.

Falsely Accused: The Wrongful Conviction of Alan Beaman By Frank S. Perri. Forensic Examiner, Winter 2009, 55-56.

Victims' Advocacy Organizations: The Missing Link in The Fight Against Fraud By Frank S. Perri. Fraud Magazine, May/June 2010.

Defending White Collar Crime in State Court By Frank S. Perri.

The Fraud Terror Link By Frank S. Perri. Fraud Magazine, July/August 2010.

The Sallie Rohrbach Story: Lessons for Auditors and Fraud Examiners By Frank S. Perri & Richard G. Brody. Journal of Financial Crime, 18(1), 93-104. 2011.

The Dark Triad: Organized Crime, Terror and Fraud By Frank S. Perri & Richard G. Brody. Journal of Money Laundering Control, 14(1), 44-49. 2011.

White Collar Crime Punishment: Too Much or Not Enough By Frank S. Perri. Fraud Magazine, January/February 2011.

Smuggling Tunnels: The Need for a Transnational Analysis By Terrance G. Lichtenwald & Frank S. Perri. Inside Homeland Security, 9(1), 52-69 2011.

The Perils of Fraud Detection at Work By Frank S. Perri. Forensic Examiner, 20(1), 114-124 2011.

The Flawed Interview of a Psychopathic Killer: What Went Wrong? By Frank S. Perri. Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling, 8(1), 41-57 2011.

The Sleeping Watch Dog: AKA The Securities and Exchange Commission By Frank S. Perri & Richard S. Brody Journal of Financial Regulation and Compliance, 19(3), 208-221 2011.

White collar criminals: The ‘kinder, gentler’ offender? By Frank S. Perri. The Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling, 8(3), 217-241, 2011.

Birds of The Same Feather: The Dangers of Affinity Fraud By Frank S. Perri & Richard G. Brody. Journal of Forensic Studies in Accounting and Business, 3(1), 33-46, 2011.

A Maritime Assessment of Sea Based Organizations and Terrorist Operations By Lichtenwald, T.G., Steinhour, G., & Perri F.S. Journal of Homeland Security Affairs. 8(13), 1-24, 2012, August.

Emerging Issues in Fraud Research By Richard G. Brody, Sara R. Melendy & Frank S. Perri. Accounting Horizons, 26(3), 513-531, 2012.

The Optics of Fraud: Affiliations That Enhance Offender Credibility By Frank S. Perri & Richard G. Brody. Journal of Financial Crime, 19(3), 305-320, 2012.

Affinity is Only Skin Deep: Insidious Fraud of Familiarity By Frank S. Perri & Richard G. Brody. Fraud Magazine, March/April 2013.

Terrorist Use of Smuggling Tunnels By Terrance G. Lichtenwald & Frank S. Perri. International Journal of Criminology and Sociology, 2, 210-226, 2013.

Visionaries or False Prophets By Frank S. Perri. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 29(3), 331-350, 2013.

Debunking the Myth of the Out of Character Offense By Frank S. Perri, Richard G. Brody & Justin M. Paperny. Journal of Forensic & Investigative Accounting, 6(2), 1-51, 2014.

Sutherland, Cleckley and Beyond: White-Collar Crime and Psychopathy By Frank S. Perri, Terrance G. Lichtenwald & Edyta M. Mieczkowska. International Journal of Psychological Studies, 2014, Vol. 6, Issue, 4. 71-88.

Fraud Rationalizations and the Guilty Mind By Frank S. Perri & Edyta M. Mieczkowska. Fraud Magazine, March/April 2015, 43-47.

Red Collar Crime By Frank S. Perri. International Journal of Psychological Studies; Vol.8, No.1; 2016, 61-84.

Forensic Science Articles Featured Author

Dr. Raymond H. Hamden

Consultant in Forensic and Political Psychology

(specialties: Terrorist Psychology, CISD, Middle East Region)

Dr. Raymond H. Hamden earned a Ph.D. in Psychology and continued post-graduate studies in Modern Psychoanalysis. Dr. Hamden consults in Clinical Psychology, Domestic Relations, Crisis Intervention, Trauma, and Homeland Security (Diplomate, American College of Forensic Examiners International), Certified Medical Investigator – Level V and Certified in Homeland Security – Level V, Certified Forensic Consultant (peer review and examination). Prior to coming to Dubai in 1990, Dr. Hamden was in private practice in Washington, D.C.

With the University of Maryland, Dr. Hamden was a 1986 Visiting Fellow at the Center for International Development and Conflict Management. He coined the term “The Retributional Terrorist – Type 4”. Published as a chapter in a 4-volume text entitled The Psychology Terrorism, Dr. Chris Stout (editor, 2002) and a chapter entitled "Unresolved Trauma and the Thirst for Revenge: The Retributional Terrorist" for Volume I of a three-volume project by James JF Forest, Ph.D. of The West Point United States Military Academy, Dr. Hamden is presenting workshop/ seminars in the topic of Terrorist Profiling: a Psychological Perspective.

For professional distinction, Dr. Hamden was awarded the status of FELLOW by the American College of Forensic Examiners International, where he serves as a Board of Advisor member on the American Board of Psychological Specialties and was selected as Vice-Chair (2007-2008). He also holds Board of Advisory post on the new American Board of Crisis and Emergency Management.

By invitation, Dr. Hamden has presented before the US Senate and wrote for the US House of Representatives: “Psychological Aspects of IsTishHad: Suicide or Sacrifice” expert witness testimony presented before the United States Senate Anti-Terrorism Caucus, special topic on the Middle East suicide missions. Washington, D.C. 26 March 1986 AND “Islamic Fundamentalism: Terrorism or Psychological Resistance” written testimony submitted to and published in the series of HEARINGS before the subcommittee on Europe and the Middle East of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, U.S. House of Representative. Washington, D.C., Fall / Winter 1985, Page 416-425.

The International Union of Psychological Sciences (IUPsyS) in collaboration with The International Academy of Applied Psychology (IAAP) and The International Association of Cross Cultural Psychology (IACCP) selected Dr. Hamden as President of the 1st Middle East / North Africa Regional Conference on Psychology (MENA RCP) held December 2003 in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

Dr. Hamden is a Life Member in the Association of Psychological Sciences (formerly American Psychological Society), International Society of Political Psychology, International Council of Psychologists, and American College of Forensic Examiners International.

Currently, Director of Human Relations Institute, Dubai Knowledge Village (United Arab Emirates), he also consults via his Washington, DC location in International Forensic and Political Psychology. The program, In The Psychologist’s Chair, debuted in Dubai with a season of VIP guests. He also consults as a Media Psychologist to various Media Groups, regionally and internationally.

Dr. Hamden has consulted on-site in Baghdad Iraq, Kabul Afghanistan, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Lebanon, Algeria, and other locations throughout the Middle East/North Africa and globally.

Expert Articles

Psychology of Terrorists: 4 Types

A Dysfunctional Nation and Its People: Becoming Functional

Forensic Science Articles Featured Author

Christopher Cronin

Christopher Cronin received his BS in psychology at the University of Wisconsin, Madison and his MA and PhD in clinical psychology at the University of Delaware. He completed his internship at the University of California, Davis in the Department of Psychiatry at the University Medical Center in Sacramento; and completed a Post-doctoral certificate in Clinical Psychopharmacology at Fairleigh Dickinson University.

Dr. Cronin is a licensed clinical psychologist who has held academic positions in Europe (University of Maryland, Munich Campus), Australia (Flinders University of South Australia) and the United States (Transylvania University and Saint Leo University).

He has practiced forensic psychology since 1991 conducting competency to stand trial evaluations and criminal responsibility evaluations for the Commonwealth of Kentucky.

He is Professor and Director of Graduate Training at Saint Leo University in Florida and has conducted over 1800 court-ordered forensic evaluations in the Tampa Bay area.

Expert Articles

Addressing The Issue of Malingering Within Forensic Assessment

The Study and Practice of Forensic Psychology: A Comprehensive Review

Ethical Practice Within Forensic Psychology

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